others-My react.js hello world example

1. Purpose

In this post , I would demo how to write a simple Hello world example using react.js without NPM, I would demo how to write a simple html page with reactjs included and show a message Hello world as follows.

2. Environment

  • Visual Souce Code 1.61.1
  • Mac OS 10.15

3. Solution

Now follow these steps to create your first hello world using react.js.

3.1 Create a folder in your local laptop

$ mkdir example_hello_world
$ cd example_hello_world
$ mkdir js
$ pwd
~/example_hello_world

3.2 Download react js library files into local directory

We want to add reactjs to our project without npm, You can download latest react.js script files into local as follows:

$ pwd
~/example_hello_world
$ curl -L https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/umd/react.dev.js --output js/react.dev.js 

And this:

$ curl -L https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/umd/react-dom.dev.js --output js/react-dom.dev.js 

After downloading, we have the following directory structure:

$  example_hello_world git:(main) tree
.
└── js
    ├── react-dom.dev.js
    └── react.dev.js

1 directory, 2 files

3.3 Create html

We need a html page to show the hello world message, so , Let’s write one:

$ pwd
~/example_hello_world

Create an empty file:

$ touch index.html

Then edit it:

$ vi index.html

We can fill the index.html with the following content:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <title>Bswen.com React.js helloworld example</title>
    <script src="js/react-dom.dev.js"></script>
    <script src="js/react.dev.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="content"></div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
      var h1 = React.createElement("h1", null, "Hello world!");
      ReactDOM.render(h1, document.getElementById("content"));
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

You can see that it’s very simple page, we have done this:

  • import script files of react.js
  • create a react element by using React.createElement and show it inside the content div.

3.4 Start a http server

We need a http server to test our page. So ,install node-static, which is a lightweight http server.

node-static understands and supports conditional GET and HEAD requests. node-static was inspired by some of the other static-file serving modules out there, such as node-paperboy and antinode.

If you have node installed, you can install it as follows:

$ npm i -g node-static

Then start the server in our example directory:

$ pwd
~/example_hello_world
$ static
serving "." at http://127.0.0.1:8080

Then we can test our index.html as follows:

$ open -a "Google Chrome" http://localhost:8080/ 

The above command would open Google Chrome and open the specified url, but we get this:

image-20211015170843416

The core error message is:

react-dom.dev.js:15 Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read properties of undefined (reading '__SECRET_INTERNALS_DO_NOT_USE_OR_YOU_WILL_BE_FIRED')
    at react-dom.dev.js:15
    at react-dom.dev.js:12
    at react-dom.dev.js:13
(anonymous) @ react-dom.dev.js:15
(anonymous) @ react-dom.dev.js:12
(anonymous) @ react-dom.dev.js:13
(index):14 Uncaught TypeError: ReactDOM.render is not a function
    at (index):14

Why did this happen?

3.5 Solve the error

The above error happened because we have used the wrong order to import reactjs scripts, change our index.html code as follows:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <title>Intro To React quickly C1</title>
    <script src="js/react.dev.js"></script>
    <script src="js/react-dom.dev.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="content"></div>
    <script type="text/javascript">
      var h1 = React.createElement("h1", null, "Hello world!");
      ReactDOM.render(h1, document.getElementById("content"));
    </script>
  </body>
</html>

Pay attention to these lines:

    <script src="js/react.dev.js"></script>
    <script src="js/react-dom.dev.js"></script>

The order of script is important, because the browser would load script according to the order you defined. You should import react.dev.js at first, then import react-dom.dev.js, because the later js depends on first script.

3.6 Now test it again

Goto the directory and run static again, you should execute static in the right directory.

$ pwd
~/example_hello_world
$ static
serving "." at http://127.0.0.1:8080

Open the chrome from command line or terminal:

$ open -a "Google Chrome" http://localhost:8080/ 

Now we get this:

image-20211015181246892

4. Summary

In this post, I demonstrated how to write a hello world example using react.js, it’s very simple. The code has been uploaded to github, you can clone it and test locally. The github repo address is: https://github.com/bswen/reactjs-examples/tree/main/example_hello_world

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