javascript-how to solve 'ReferenceError: Cant find variable: require when import a javascript library using require within HTML?

1. Purpose

In this post , I would demo how to solve the below problem when trying to import a javascript library using require within HTML:

ReferenceError: Can't find variable: require

2. The code that caused the error

We want to display current date and time in our page, so I imported a library named moment.js, which is a javascript library for date and time processing.

Moment. js is a free and open source JavaScript library that removes the need to use the native JavaScript Date object directly. The library is a wrapper for the Date object (in the same way that jQuery is a wrapper for JavaScript) making the object a whole lot easier to work with.

I installed the library using the npm install as follows:

$ npm install moment

Then I created a html file to do the job, this is the code:

<html>
    <head>
        <title>Vue.js Message List</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css"
              crossorigin="anonymous">
    </head>
    <body>
        <script>
            var moment = require("moment");
            console.log(moment().format('HH:mm:ss DD/MM/YYYY');
        </script>
    </body>
</html>

When I test the above html in browser , I got this error in browser console:

ReferenceError: Can't find variable: require

3. Why I get this problem?

After googling a lot, I found that this problem is caused by the misunderstanding of the require in javascript.

The require is used in node.js module loading process, require(), module.exports and exports are APIs of a module system that is specific to Node.js. Browsers do not implement this module system, so I got the above errors.

4. How to solve this problem?

4.1 Step 1: Remove the require statement from your script

We should remove the require(moment) statement in the script block, and then we can import the moment.js in such two ways.

4.2 Step 2 : Load js library from internet CDN using the

Here is the code that import the moment.js into our html file:

 <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/moment.js/2.29.1/moment.min.js" integrity="sha512-qTXRIMyZIFb8iQcfjXWCO8+M5Tbc38Qi5WzdPOYZHIlZpzBHG3L3by84BBBOiRGiEb7KKtAOAs5qYdUiZiQNNQ==" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

Then use the moment.js as follows:

 ///var moment = require("moment"); //comment this line out
 this.message =  moment().format('HH:mm:ss DD/MM/YYYY');
 console.log(this.message)

Then everything works~

5. Summary

In this post, I have demonstrated how to solve the “ReferenceError: Can’t find variable: require” error when trying to load javascript modules by using the require statement, If we test the html in browser, not using node.js, you should use the

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